Vul. Bohomoltsia, 01 – residential building

ID: 51

A four-storied building, located at the corner of Bohomoltsia and Franka streets, was constructed in 1905-1906 under a project developed by architect and constructor Jan Schulz for Helena and Stanisław Jakób Bal. This townhouse was built in the Historicist (Neo-Renaissance) style. Today it is used as a residential building; there are also offices of bank branches, a beauty salon and a hairdressing salon on the ground floor.

History

After the city fortifications were dismantled by the Austrian authorities in the late 18th century, a large plot was formed in the territory of present Bohomoltsia street which was marked with conscription number 508 4/4. In the middle of the plot, a villa or a small suburban palace was built (later its address was  Pańska street 5). There were also some utility buildings on the plot as well as a “front” townhouse in its northwestern corner. These buildings were reconstructed and some parts were added, but, in general, they stood there for a century. In the 1870s the northwestern and southwestern parts of the plot were separated as individual real estates. It was in their place that the present houses № 1 and № 2 on Bohomoltsia street were built later.

Since at least 1889 the northwestern part of the plot with a townhouse was owned by Helena Bal, née Maniewska, and Stanisław Jakób Bal. In 1905, after the new Asnyka (now Bohomoltsia) street had been laid under a project designed at the architect Ivan Levynskyi's (Jan Lewiński) bureau, they decided to build a new house.

First, the old two-storied townhouse with a wing was dismantled in June of 1905 (DALO 2/1/121:121). The owners expanded their plot (conscription number 607 4/4) in the south. The project of a new four-storied building was designed by architect Jan Schulz. The construction calculations (metal beams for floors and wooden beams for the roof) were carried out at the "Piotrowicz & Schumann" company. The building permit was issued by the Magistrate in August of 1905. The construction was completed in October of the following year, but the house’s damp walls were still dried for another month, and permission to move into all the premises was given at the end of November (DALO 2/1/121: 162).

Among the house residents in the early 20th century, there were professor Adolf Beck, a neuropathologist, the rector of Lviv University and a member of the Parliament; Stanisław Progulski, a known physician, professor of medicine, who was executed by the Gestapo on the Vuletski hills in 1941; August Dianni, a singer and a professor of the conservatoire. The honorary vice-consulate of Great Britain was located there for some time. The Bals owned the house till 1939.

As of today (2014), the building has remained mainly residential. Its ground floor houses offices of several bank branches, a hairdresser’s, a beauty salon etc.

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Architecture

The house is located at the corner of Bohomoltsia and Franka streets. This is a residential townhouse, typical of Lviv of the early 20th century, when houses were designed already connected to water supply, sewerage and electricity networks. Among all the buildings on Bohomoltsia street, this is the most traditional one in terms of its constructions and style. In its planning scheme, residential and auxiliary premises are clearly demarcated: the former face the street, while the latter face the courtyard. In general, this is typical of the residential architecture of the whole 19th century. All stairs in the house are wooden, despite the widespread use of metal structures and concrete at that time. The façades and interiors design is also quite conservative as they are solved in the Historicist style, some Neo-Renaissance elements used.

The house has four stories and cellars. It is built of brick and plastered; the bridgings between the floors are Klein vaults made of bricks laid on metal beams; the roof bridging is wooden. Both front and back stairs are wooden and have wheeling steps. The roof structure is made of wooden rafters and posts. The roof is covered with slate; originally, the house probably had a tin roof.

The plot where the house stands is quite large: the street façades are 32.8 and 31.2 meters long. Consequently,  the townhouse has the shape of a closed quadrangle in plan and contains a large courtyard inside. The house has two front entrances: one from Franka street and the other through a passage from Bohomoltsia street. According to the original project, there were four apartments on each floor: two five-room ones and two four-room ones. Each of them had a spacious entrance hall, a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet, small rooms for servants and pantries. All auxiliary facilities were located inside the apartment, their windows facing the courtyard. Apart from the main (front) staircases, there were also two subsidiary ones, located next to the kitchens and meant to be used by servants. Separate service toilets were to be entered through little galleries.

The street façades have thin projections on each side; and so does the cut corner. The central parts of the façades are symmetrical. The décor contains some rustication: more prominent one on floors 1-2 and thinner one on upper floors, representing a typical of the Historicist style tectonic composition principle. The second and third floors are divided on the façades by a moulded Doric order entablature with metopes and triglyphs. All windows have profiled trimmings, supplemented with linear pediments on floors 3-4. The façades are accentuated by balconies on the second and third floors located at the corner and on the main façade as well as by two bay windows facing Franka street. They all have a similar design: moulded consoles with volutes, pilasters, enclosures or panels. The façades are crowned with a moulded Corinthian order entablature, with roof windows in the frieze and panels having moulded arabesques between them.

The passage and corridors have walls and ceilings decorated with panels and restrained Neo-Classicist décor. The ground floor staircase has a floor covered with ornamental tiles while the staircase flooring on the upper floors is covered with herring-bone pattern parquet.

The building has undergone numerous alterations. Many ground floor premises are occupied by bank branches (in the front parts of the building) and by a hairdressing salon (in the rear part) while the rest is occupied by apartments. Several windows on the façades have been turned into doors; almost no authentic woodwork has been preserved in both windows and doors.

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Description

Former ul. Pańska, 3 – residential building

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Personalities

Helena Balowa née Maniewska – co-owner of the building
Zygmunt Rieger – medical doctor, owner of the real estate #508 4/4.
Klementyna z Bochdanów Witosławska  owner of the real estate #508 4/4 who inititated the construction of Bohomoltsia street
Jan Schulz – architect who designed the building

Sources

  1. State Archive of Lviv Oblast (DALO) 2/1/121.
  2. Informator lwowski (Lwow, 1932).
  3. Księga adresowa Małopołski, Wykaz domów na obszarze miasta Lwowa (Lwów. Stanisławów. Tarnopól, 1935/1936), 2.
  4. Lewicki Jakub, Między tradycją a nowoczesnością: Architektura Lwowa lat 1893–1918 (Warszawa: Towarzystwo Opieki nad Zabytkami, Wydawnictwo Neriton, 2005), 258-260.
  5. Skorowidz krolewskiego stolecznego miasta Lwowa (Lemberg, 1872).
  6. Skorowidz krolewskiego stolecznego miasta Lwowa (Lemberg, 1889).
  7. Skorowidz krolewskiego stolecznego miasta Lwowa (Lemberg, 1910).
  8. Spis abonentow sieci telefonicznej... (Lwow, 1937).

Material compiled by Iryna Kotlobulatova, Khrystyna Kharchuk, Olha Zarechnyuk