Prosp. Chervonoi Kalyny, 057 – children's polyclinic building
The children’s polyclinic building (its planned capacity was 480 visits per shift) is situated in the mass housing district of Sykhiv, on Chervonoi Kalyny Boulevard. Its construction was started in 1981 and was carried out under the standard design adapted by the engineers of the engineering and design workshop number 1. The chief architect of the project was S. N. Nivin; the group manager was Y. A. Minkova. The building belongs to the modernist style.
The polyclinic’s construction was started in 1981 and was carried out under the standard design of a children’s polyclinic (number 254-4-18) adapted by the engineers of the engineering and design workshop number 1. An article entitled “A Good Tradition” published in the Stroitelstvo i arkhitektura (“Construction and architecture”) illustrated production and technical monthly informed that a polyclinic with planned capacity of 480 visits per shift in the residential district of Sykhiv as well as six other social objects were built in 1979-1981 for the means earned during the communist days of unpaid work. Today the polyclinic building continues to be used according to its intended purpose; also, private medical offices have been arranged there.
The children’s polyclinic building is a part of the town planning complex of Sykhiv-I; compositionally, according to the district division of the city in the socialist time, it belongs to the microdistrict number 13. The building is located on one of Sykhiv’s main transport arteries, Chervonoi Kalyny Boulevard, and makes an important town planning accent in the general structure of the district. The polyclinic was constructed under the standard design of a children’s polyclinic with planned capacity of 480 visits per shift (number 254-4-18). A project of the object linkage to the context of Sykhiv-I town planning complex was carried out. Besides, a number of changes were made to the standard design (the changes concerned the building’s façades, one of the three blocks (‘B’) roofing, foundations and bridgings). Some changes were also made in the interior planning of the building; a number of additional premises were envisaged. The chief architect of the project was S. N. Nivin; the group manager was Y. A. Minkova; the manager of the engineering and design workshop number 1 was A. H. Adamenko; the director of the Lviv branch of the Hiprohrad institute was Z. V. Pidlisnyi.
As it was mentioned earlier, the polyclinic building consists of three blocks, two four-story ‘A’ and ‘B’ blocks and a one-story ‘C’ block. A cellar and, partly, a basement are envisaged. The ‘A’ and ‘B’ blocks have attics. The ‘C’ block is connected with the main building by a “warm” passage. The foundations are made of prefabricated ferroconcrete foundation plates. The walls are made of ordinary clay bricks. The exterior walls are 510 mm thick; the interior walls are 250 and 380 mm thick. The basement and cellar walls are made of prefabricated concrete blocks; the bridges and bridging slabs are made of prefabricated ferroconcrete elements.
According to the project, the building walls were to be covered with terrazite plaster; the socle was to be covered with stone plaster; the terrace was to be decorated with sawn natural stone slabs.
The polyclinic building area is 1979.88 sq. m.; the total area of all its premises is 6251.73 sq. m.
The polyclinic belongs to the modernist style.
In the times of typologism and standardization one of the Soviet architects’ chief tasks was struggling against monotony and searching for the ways to convey expressiveness, because due to the increase of residential structures scale the compositional significance of public structures was gradually diminishing. In the thinking of that time, however, the Sykhiv polyclinic is rather an exception. The authors of the children’s polyclinic, which was constructed in the residential district of Sykhiv, were successful in applying an original set of compositional means of expression which B. F. Protsenko in his article on the aesthetics of prefabricated public structures calls “functionally justified”. The structure fits into the microdistrict context; in particular, its color gamma has been taken into account. At the same time, the children’s polyclinic elements in their color, texture and plasticity are more active than the neighbouring housing. The main compositional element is a complicated entrance terrace, which unites the main volume and the utility block, and also a ramified group of stairs and ramps that lead to the central entrance.
The lobby is decorated with monumental paintings.
The polyclinic premises continue to be used according to its intended purpose; private medical offices are also arranged there.
S. N. Nivin
Y. A. Minkova – an architect.
Б. Ф. Проценко, Эстетика общественных
зданий в условиях индустриализации,
Строительство и архитектура, 1984, №12.
2.Добрая традиция, Строительство и архитектура, 1985, №3, 20.
3. Технічний архів ДП ДІПМ “Містопроект”, Объект №3889-13, Детская поликлиника на 480 мест в смену в жил. районе Сихов-І. ОС-1; 2; 3-1; 3-2; 4-35. Исходные положения разработки проекта. Паспорт отд. Фасада (Львов: Госстрой УССР, 1980).
4. Технічний архів ДП ДІПМ “Містопроект”, Объект №3889-13, Детская поликлиника на 480 мест в смену в жил. районе Сихов. т. п. 254-4-18. Альбом І. Архитектурно-строительные чертежи (Львов: Госстрой УССР, 1980).
5. Технічний архів ДП ДІПМ “Містопроект”, Объект №3889-14, Исходные положения разработки технорабочего проекта (Львов: Госстрой УССР, 1980).
Edited by Yulia Pavlyshyn