Vul. Universytetska – monument to Ivan Franko

ID: 124

The monument was installed in 1964 opposite the building of the Lviv State University, renamed in honor of the writer in 1939.

History

The territory where the monument was set up was part of the Jesuit garden till the 1880s. With the construction of the Galician Sejm building (now the main building of the University) in the 1880s, it was separated to arrange a green representative area in front of the parliament building. Flowerbeds were planted there, decorative compositions with stone obelisks and vases were arranged.

In 1947 the first monument to the writer was established in Lviv. The bust on a low pedestal was installed near the museum villa of Franko. The idea to install a full-body monument in Lviv was first announced after the Second World War. On 4 April 1945 the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR and the Central Committee of the CP(b)U approved the construction of monuments to Taras Shevchenko and Ivan Franko. After an estimate, which amounted to 586,000 karbovanets, was drawn, the construction was postponed. The idea was finally realized in 1964. The monument was placed opposite the main building of the university, named after Ivan Franko in 1939; in the 1950s, flower portraits of the writer were arranged there. The monument was designed by sculptors Dmytro Krvavych, Emanuil Mysko, Yakiv Chayka, and architects Vasyl Odrekhivskyi and Andriy Shuliar.

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Architecture

The monument is set up opposite the university building, on its central axis, facing the façade. A high massive statue of pink granite "grows up" from the pedestal, whose front part is smooth and polished, while looking like a broken boulder from behind. On the sides, there are massive steles with high reliefs depicting strugglers-masons. Behind the monument, there is a rounded paved area surrounded by balustrades. The large paved area in front of the monument is today a popular recreational territory; mass academic and social events are sometimes held here.

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