Vul. Vitovskoho site – former swimming pool

ID: 1961

The first outside swimming pool in Lviv with a military swimming school was opened in 1820 on the Pelczynski pond. It used to be located on the site within the present street of Vitovskoho street and the point where it crossed Sakharova street. The building of the  bathing place at the eastern boundary of the pond was constructed in 1821 by a builder Wilhelm Schmidt, according to the plans of the general Johann Karl Fresnel-Curel von Henneguin. It placed a swimming school (initially, it was a military school, later — a civilian one). Pelczynski pond was filled in in 1921. The building of the bathing place has not been preserved. Today, we only have preserved the remains of the pond dam – it is a fountain in front of the main entrance to the B. Khmelnytskyi Park of Culture and Recreation. Presently, on the site of the pond, in its western section, there are facilities of the Palace of Sports "Dynamo" and the building of the Security Service of Ukraine in Lviv Region.

History

The first outside swimming pool in Lviv at the military swimming school was officially opened in 1820 on Pelczynski pond by the general of Austrian Cavalry Johann Karl Fresnel-Curel von Henneguin (Barański, b/d, 108; Jaworski, 97; Lwów, 2001, 160-161). In addition to the military, the school also accepted civilians to exercise swimming. The building of the military bathing place was built in 1821 on the eastern boundary of the pond, by an architect Wilhelm Schmidt according to the plans of von Hennguin (Jaworski, b/d, 97). Later, a civilian bathing place was built at Pelczynski pond, not far from the military basin. As it can be seen on the photograph of the end of the 19th c. – beginning of the 20th c., it was a two-storey framework building with one-storey annexes on the sides. According to the archive documents, the project of a stone toilet at Pelczynski pond was approved by the magistrate on August, 7, 1858 (CDIAL 742/1/1564:1).

Pelchynski pond is marked on maps and plans of 18th-19th c. Lviv, on the site along the present streets of Vitovskoho until the point it crossed Sakharova street. In the 1920s, the nearby locality was called Pelczynski park and covered the area of ca 10 hectares. Several park paths leading to a former Cadet school (presently — a Military Academy, vul. Hvardiyska, 42) picturesquely fit into the hilly landscape. Later, the course of ul. Pelczynska (presently vul. Vitovskoho) was straightened, unlike previously, when it ran round the pond. In 1972, on the site that used to place tennis courts and a skating rink in the 1930s, a sports hall and an inside swimming pool "Dynamo" were built, according to the design by an architect Myron Vendzylovych (Lwów, 2001, 174).

In 1921, Pelczynski pond was filled in due to unsatisfactory sanitary condition (Orłowicz, 1925, 136; Lwów, 2001, 161). The building of the bathing place was dismantled in the same time.

Architecture

A military bathing place at Pelczynski pond consisted of an elongated one-storey stone building with the mansard roof located at the bank, and a U-shaped above-water wooden annex on stilts, with a separate swimming pool. A stone building was embellished with a porch with Tuscany columns. The porch wall had a memorial plate made in imitation stone to honour the founder, produced by a sculptor Johann Schimser. Presently, it is stored in Lviv Historical Museum. It depicts two female figures holding the laurels wreath. According to the author, they impersonate glory and eternity. In the center, there is an inscription in German. Next to the  bathing place, they installed a sculpture of a stone lion dated from the 18th c.  The engraving of Karl Auer shows that the pediment of the bathing place was decorated with figures of mermaids in imitation stone.

Personalities

Jogann Karl Fresnel-Curel von Henneguin – a cavalry general
Wilhelm Schmidt – an architect
Leopold Karasiński – an architect
Johann Schimser – a sculptor
Karl Auer – an artist, engraver
Myron Vendzylovych – an architect

Sources

  1. F. Barański, Przewodnik po Lwowie. Z planem i widokami m. Lwowa (Lwów: Nakładem księgarni H. Altenberga).
  2. F. Jaworski, Lwów stary i wczorajszy (Lwów, 1911).
  3. F. Jaworski, Przewodnik po Lwowie i okolicyz Żołkwią i Podhorcami (Lwów).
  4. Lwów. Turystyczny przewodnik (Lwów: Wydawnictwo "Centrum Europy"; Kraków: Wydawnictwo "Via Nowa", 2001), 160-161, 174.
  5. M. Orłowicz, Ilustrowany przewodnik po Lwowie (Lwów–Warszawa, 1925).
  6. Львів. Туристичний путівник (Львів: Видавництво "Центр Європи", 1999), 338.

By Khrystyna Kharchuk

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