Vul. Pidvalna – monument to Ivan Fedorov

ID: 128
The monument to the printing pioneer was established in 1977, primarily to emphasize the cultural ties between Moscow and Lviv. Today the area around the monument is known for the fact that used books and other, often rare, things are sold here.

History

Ivan Fedorov (born in about 1510 in the Grand Duchy of Moscow, died in 1583 in Lviv) became important for the narrative of Soviet Lviv. As early as 1944, one of the streets in the city's center was renamed in his honor (Drukarska, from 1949), and a neighboring street, running from Virmenska to Staroyevreiska, also has born his name since 1949. It is on this street that the building of the Stauropegion Brotherhood (No. 9), where Fedorov published his "Apostle" and "Primer" (Bukvar), is situated.

In 1964, on the 400th anniversary of the publication of Fedorov's first book, it was decided to install a monument to him. At first it was planned to be located between Fedorova and Pidvalna streets, in the middle of the square – as close as possible to the building of the Stauropegion Brotherhood. In this place, there had been a block of residential buildings, which were disassembled during the interwar period. To mark the place, chosen for the monument, a stone was laid. However, probably for a better visibility of the monument in the urban space, it was later decided to install it on Pidvalna street, where the traffic and pedestrian movement are much more active.

The solemn opening of the monument took place on 26 November 1977. The authors of the monument are Lviv sculptors Valentyn Borysenko and Valentyn Podolskyi, as well as architect Anatoliy Konsulov.

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Architecture

The monument is set up in front of the buildings of the State Archive of the Lviv Oblast (earlier, the Royal Arsenal and part of the Dominican Monastery). It consists of a massive bronze figure of the printer, made in a socialist realist manner, without a pedestal, on a low stylobate covered with granite tiles. Fedorov can be seen dressed in his working clothes, with a book in his left hand and with his right hand stretched out.

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